Project Running
Project implemented

 

                                                                 

Survey Findings:

Drinking Water TW

A total 18,711 drinking water tube wells were surveyed in Bancharampur Upazila. Of them 607 TWs were found out of order on the day of survey i.e., 18,104 TWs water were tested.

Upazila
Union
Drinking Water TW
Painted Red <0.05 mg/L
Painted Green
>0.05 mg/L
Out of
Order
Total TW Surveyed
Bancharampur
Bancharampur
904
374
11
1289
Bancharampur Dakhin
1450
901
52
2403
Dariadaulat
1489
425
6
1920
Pahariakandi
625
30
48
703
Rupashdi Paschim
569
932
49
1550
Rupashdi Purba
1031
65
45
1141
Saifullakandi
906
52
54
1012
Saifullakandi Paschim
911
1361
32
2304
Salimabad
1448
69
87
1604
Sonarampur
634
198
29
861
Tejkhali
1136
141
72
1349
Ujanchar Paschim
906
128
64
1098
Ujanchar Purba
912
507
58
1477
Total:

12,921 (71%)

5183 (29%)
607 (3%)
18711

Table: Union wise screening Status of Drinking Water TWs

Bancharampur Upazila

In Bancharampur 18,711 drinking TWs were surveyed of which 607 i.e., 3% TWs were out of order on the day of survey. 12,921 (71%) TWs were painted Red and 29% i.e., 5,183 TWs were painted Green.  

Irrigation Tube Well: A total 16,310 irrigation TWs were surveyed in the 13 union out of which water from 14,925 TWs were tested and the other 1,385 TWs water could not tested as those were out of order at the time of survey .

 

(a) District
:
Brahmanbaria
(b) Population
:
281,000
(c) No. of Union
:
13
(d) No. of Ward
:
117
(e) No. of Village
:
118
(f) Percentage of Arsenic Contamination
:
71%
(g) Affected Population
:
199,510

The general objectives of the project are to assess the extent of arsenic contamination in all tube wells water of the project area along with assessing the technical viability as well as the effectiveness of different alternate safe water options and to figure out the community acceptance of different options. The specific objectives of the project are:

Basic Statistics of Project Area:

Bancharampur Upazila

Upazila
Union
Drinking Water TW
Painted Red <0.05 mg/L
Painted Green
>0.05 mg/L
Out of
Order
Total TW Surveyed
Bancharampur
Bancharampur
242
3
4
249
Bancharampur Dakhin
19
-
-
19
Dariadaulat
83
5
-
88
Pahariakandi
87
-
2
89
Rupashdi Paschim
51
1
-
52
Rupashdi Purba
45
1
-
46
Saifullakandi
92
26
-
118
Saifullakandi Paschim
248
19
2
269
Salimabad
35
8
-
43
Sonarampur
121
1
-
122
Tejkhali
51
35
3
89
Ujanchar
28
-
-
28
Ujanchar Paschim
264
36
-
300
Ujanchar Purba
198
6
1
205
Total:
1,564 (92%)
141 (8%)
12 (1%)
1,717

Table : Union wise screening Status of Irrigation TWs

Bancharampur Upazila

In Bancharampur 1,564 (92%) Irrigation TWs water contain arsenic beyond acceptable limit and painted Red and in 141 (8%) TWs within acceptable limit. 12 (1%) TWs found out of order on the day of survey of the total 1,717 Irrigation TWs surveyed.

Identification of Arsenicossis Patients:

Suspected arsenicossis patients were preliminary identified by ISDCM TW Testers and shared the list of patients with local DPHE and Health Officials. Later DCH / DGH confirmed 71 arsenicossis patients in the Upazila. Confirmed list of patients is attached . 80 Salicylic Acid Ointment was provided to the patients, received from UNICEF. Those were used to soften the hardening of the affected parts of the palms and the foot soles of the patients.

Status of Village-wise Arsenic Contamination

Out of total 118 villages surveyed in the upazila 21 villages in Bancharampur there is no Green TW. In Bancharampur upazila there is no village without Red TW shown in Table
Name of upazila
Number of Union
Number of Village
Number of Village with 100% Red TWs
Number of Village 80% to 99% Red TWs
Number of Village 1% to 79% Red TWs
Number of Village 0% Red TWs
Bancharampur
13
118
21
58
39
0

Table – : Status of Village Wise Arsenic Contamination

Union Chairman & Ward Members Training: As a part of community awareness, communication campaign and responsibility of arsenic mitigation process Union Chairmen and Ward Members were provided training at Union Brancharampur upazila. The ISDCM Communication Officer and SAE, DPHE acted as resource persons in the training programme. The training were given in number of batches. Their participation was spontaneous and integration was praiseworthy. In few occasion Upazila Nirbahi Officer inaugurated the training programme. All 13 Union Parishad Chairmen , 112 out of 117 Ward Committee Members and 30 out of 39 Female Ward Committee Members attended the training. Because of training of the peoples representatives and intensive social mobilization activities community became aware about bad effect of drinking of arsenic contaminated water and its mitigation .

SL NO
Name of Upazila
Training of Arsenic Mitigation Committee Members
Number of participants invited
Number of
participants attended
1 Bancharampur Union Chairmen
Ward Member
Women Member

13
117
39

13
112
30

Table: Union Chairmen and Ward Members Training

Sectoral Training on Communication:  

Sectoral training was an important part on the use of communication materials for creating awareness of the people and the community. Considering the role and responsibility of the field workers some important allies were provided training. Accordingly field workers of Bancharampur were trained. Out of 128 Health and Family Planning workers 125 were trained, All 25 Agricultural Block Supervisors, ,all 4 DPHE Mechanics, 9 NGO workers and 22 Head Teachers out of 24 & 116Imams out of 117 were trained. This training has brought good changes in the community awareness through their motivational activities. The govt. field workers organized meeting with the community as part of their own activities, which helped motivate the community about arsenic problem. This training helped tremendously in community awareness and mobilization. ISDCM Social Mobilizers also attended those monthly meeting to observe the activities. Similarly other agencies like Imam, NGO workers and Head Teachers also played an important role in this regard.

SL NO
Name of Upazila
Sectoral Training of
different agencies
Target
(Total No.)
Participants
(Total No.)
1. Bancharampur
  • Health Deptt., Field Workers & Family Planning Workers
  • AgricultureBlock Supervisor
  • DPHE TW Mechanics
  • NGO Workers
  • Head Teacher
  • Imam

128

25
4
9
24
117

125

25
4
9
22
116

Table: Sect oral Training on Communication  

Courtyard Meeting and Community Meeting by TW Testers:  

During the project period courtyard meeting was an important task of ISDCM staff to motivate community regarding affect of arsenic contaminated water. Accordingly ISDCM Social Mobilizer were organized 590 courtyards meetings. The ISDCM Social Mobilizer organized 5 courtyard meetings in each village. In each meeting 10/12 people including men, women and children attended. The main issue of discussion was to create awareness in the community about bad effect of arsenic contaminated water, drink water from green marked TW and not to drink and cook from red marked TW water, but can be used for other domestic purpose. Beside this, community were encouraged to use rain water, surface water after boiling and water from dug well as alternative source for surface water. ISDCM field testers those who recruited only for water test. They were also engaged for motivational purpose during testing of TW water and painting of TW spout. During field test 18,711 meetings were organized by TW testers, which also helped create awareness of the community.
SL NO
Name of Upazila
Type of Communication Meeting
Target
(Total No.)
No. of Meeting conducted
Participants
(Total No)
1. Bancharampur
  • Courtyard Meeting
  • Community Meeting
    by TW Testers
590
590
18,711

6518
187,110

Table : Courtyard meeting and community meeting by TW Testers

Formation of Village Arsenic Mitigation Committees (VAMCs):  

Under the workplan ISDCM had encouraged villagers to form VAMCs and successfully formed VAMCs in each village of the upazila comprising Teachers, Imams, Representatives from Young Groups and Local Elites. Average 7/11 member committees formed and 2/3 women were included in each VAMC . .

SL No
Name of Upazila
No. of VAMC
Formed and 1st Meeting held
2nd VAMC Meeting held
Number
Participants
1 Bancharampur
118
34
289

Table: Formation of Village Arsenic Mitigation Committees (VAMCs)

Communication Campaign by Stakeholders:  

The main reasons of providing training to different sectoral agencies to organize campaign during field workers' routine meeting. During project period ISDCM has monitored and collected necessary statistical data about campaign organized by the field workers on arsenic problem. Health and Family Planning Department's field workers organized 154 meetings, Agriculture Block Supervisors 115 meetings, DPHE Mechanics 27 meetings, Head Teacher 14 meetings, NGO workers 27 and Imams organized 38 meetings. This meetings brought enormous help know about arsenic problem in the village level by the community.

Sl.
No
Name of Upazila
Name of
Agencies
No. Campaign during Monthly Meeting
1 Bancharampur
  • Health Deptt., Field Workers & Family Planning Workers
  • Agriculture Block Supervisor
  • TW Mechanics
  • Head Teachers
  • NGO Workers
  • Imams

154

115
27
14
27
38

Table: Communication Campaign Organized by Different Sectoral Agencies

Rally:

Under the project activity there was provision to organize rally one in each union. Accordingly, 13 rally was organized at union level in the upazila. The govt. Primary schools were considered for venue at starting point of rally. The Head Teachers, Assistant Head Teachers, Local Elites, Students and Local NGOs attended in the rally. The students and other participants moved from village to village and chanted slogans with arsenic related message. In Bancharampur Upazila 13 rallies were organized with 8476 participants
Sl.
No
Name of Upazila
Type of Project activity
Target of activity
No. of Rally completed
Type of Participants
Total
attended
1 Bancharampur Union level Rally
13
13
Head Teachers, Local Elites, Students of Primary Schools, Community Grameen Bank, DPHE ASA and other NGOs
8476

Table : Union level Rally

Miking:

For sensitizing the community on arsenic problem, miking in the villages of the upazila was one of the important tasks. Miking has been organized in 118 villages by rickshaw playing cassette and chanting slogans. This was the very easy and acceptable communication media to communicate the messages to the community people ( Table-12) .

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Slogans
1 Bancharampur Miking at village level 13 Unions
118 Villages
13 Unions
118 Villages

“ Nirapad Pani Khabo, Miley Mishey Sabai Nebo”“Gram Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Dokander Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Hotel Malik Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Shabuj Mukho Koler Khabar Pani Miley Mishey Sabai Aani” “Lal Mukho Koler Pani Bholyo Jeno Naa Aani

Table: Miking at Village level in 3 Project Upazilas

Billboard & Information Board:  

Erection of Billboard in important places of Union and Upazila was another task under project action plan. All together 60 billboards erected with message and information on arsenic problem in the upazila. The site list of the places for setting up the billboards were provided by Union Parishad Chairmen. The messages of billboard attracted the community people to know about arsenic contamination and its mitigation. In the upazila, 15 information boards were installed in the office of the Union Parishad, UNO & SAE DPHE. The boards contain the information that will be needed in planning Safe Water Supply Project. upazila-wise information on water and arsenic status is shown in the Table -13 .

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Remarks
 1 Homna
  • Billboard erection
  • Display of Information Board
60

17

60

17

Average 4/5 Billboards were erected in each Union.

One in each Union Parishad, one in UNO office and the another in the SAE DPHE Office.

Table: Billboard and Information Board

Popular Theatre and Kavi Gan:  

The Popular theatre and folk song were another important task of creating awareness regarding arsenic contaminated water and its mitigation. The Popular theatre staged drama in the Upazila. Script of the theatre “Mayna Bibir Ghar Sangsar” was written by a well known professional writer . One Professional theatre team were hired. Hundreds of people from all walks of life including upazila officials, upazila Nirbahi Officer, local elites and common people attended and enjoyed the theatre. Similarly organizing folk song/kavi gan professional party was hired and they staged 10 sessions in important places of the union in the Upazila. Hundreds of people enjoyed the folk song/kavi gan. The theme of the song was arsenic problem its consequences and mitigation etc .

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Remarks
 1 Homna Popular Theatre

Folk Song/Kavi Gan

1

10

1

10

.

Table - 14: Popular Theatre and Kavi Gan

Conclusion & Recommendations:

  1. The TWs which were tested on the date of survey and painted red or green should be re-tested every after six months continually;
  2. DPHE should have a cell within their local office for testing and painting of the new tube well installed for maintaining keeping up-to-date record of the level of arsenic contamination;
  3. ISDCM feels that there should be a cadre of women social mobilizers and advocacy activities properly trained/oriented to keep up the momentum. This may be a part of human resource development. It is the demand of time and subject commensurate with the trend of the new millenium;
  4. All sectoral agencies and stakeholders should built good working relationship and emphasize due importance to the arsenic mitigation project;
  5. Not all villages are affected equally and hence there is a need for prioritization in information. For this we need to know which villages are most affected;
  6. A national standard and quality field test kit should be developed to detect arsenic contamination more accurately;
  7. The identification of arsenic contamination should be followed immediately by providing appropriate safe water options to keep the momentum generated through motivation and communication campaign.
Donor & Agreement:
UNICEF, UNICEF/NGO/2001/005
Area & Duration :

Bancharampur Upazila of Brahammonbaria. June 2001-May2002

Cost of Project :
BD. Tk. 3,671,140.00
 
 

Introduction : Groundwater is the main source of drinking water in Bangladesh and India . In the early ‘eighties, arsenic contamination of groundwater was detected in six eastern districts of West Bengal, India. The arsenic concentration in groundwater in these districts ranged from 0.06 mg/L to 1.86 mg/L, far in excess of WHO's drinking water provisional guideline value of 0.01 mg/L. It is estimated that over 15,000 people are affected by arsenic and are suffering from ‘arsenical dermatosis' (black spots, eruptions and even cracking of skin). Similar problems have also become apparent recently in Bangladesh in the areas bordering India , but their geographical extent is yet to be defined. Bancharampur upazila is a reverin area and undertook as an aforesaid project.

The Objectives:

 

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CONTENTS
 
PROFILE
Copyright © 2006 Motion Technology, Bangladesh.
Title of Project:
Implementation of Community Based Safe Water Supply and Arsenic Mitigation Project in Bancharampur Upazila of Brahammonbaria districtto determine the extent of
arsenic contamination in tube well water, mobilization of Community/ Govt. development workers and people's representatives and awareness creation through training, orientation, identification of arsenicosis patients and acceptance of different water options.