Project Running
Project implemented

 

                                                                 

Survey Findings:

Drinking Water TW

A total 28,723 drinking water tube wells were surveyed in Damurhuda Upazila. Of them 1,159 TWs were found out of order on the day of survey i.e., 27,564 TWs water were tested .

 

Upazila
Union
Drinking Water TW
Painted Red <0.05 mg/L
Painted Green
>0.05 mg/L
Out of
Order
Total TW Surveyed
Damurhuda
Damurhuda
1804
2332
185
4321
Darshana
790
3822
168
4780
Howli
1114
2837
174
4125
Juranpur
813
3496
138
4447
Karpashdanga
922
2651
193
37666
Kurulgachi
265
1748
98
2211
Natipota
962
1950
70
2982
ParKris.Madna
466
1492

133

2091
Total:

7,236 (26%)

20,328(74%)

1,159(4%)

28,723

Table: Union wise screening Status of Drinking Water TWs.

Arsenic contamination in Damurhuda is 26%. Out of 28,723 TWs in 7,236 drinking water TWs contain arsenic and painted Red. Rest 20,328 (74%) TWs painted Green. Another 1,159 TWs could not tested and painted as they were out of order on the day of survey.

Irrigation Tube Well : A total 11,210 irrigation TWs were surveyed in the Upazila out of which water from 10,072 TWs were tested and the other 1138 (10%) TWs water could not tested as those were out of order at the time of survey .

(a) District
:
Chuadanga
(b) Population
:

333,549

(c) No. of Union
:
08
(d) No. of Ward
:
72
(e) No. of Village
:
127
(f) Percentage of Arsenic Contamination
:
26%
(g) Affected Population
:
86,723

The general objectives of first phase of the project are to assess the extent of arsenic contamination in all tube wells water of the project area along with assessing the technical viability as well as the effectiveness of different alternate safe water options and to figure out the community acceptance of different options. The specific objectives of the project are:

Damurhuda Upazila

Upazila
Union
Irrigation TW
Red
Green
Out of
Order
Total TW Surveyed
Damurhuda
Damurhuda 415 616 242 1273
Darshana 31 365 36 432
Howli 202 1066 238 1506
Juranpur 402 1231 140 1773
Karpashdanga 159 1375 136 1670
Kurulgachi 102 1278 215 1595
Natipota 194 749 67 1010
ParKris.Madna 805 1082 64 1951
Total:

2,310 (23%)

7,762 (77%)

1,138(10%)

11210

Table: Screening Status of Irrigation TWs

Water of 2,310 (23%) TWs found not acceptable and the rest 7,762 (77%) TWs water found acceptable.

Identification of Arsenicossis Patients:

Suspected arsenicossis patients were preliminary identified by ISDCM TW Testers and shared the list of patients with local DPHE and Health Officials in this Upazila. Later DCH / DGH confirmed 202 number of arsenicossis patients.

ut of total 127 villages surveyed in five villages all the TWs are painted green as the water of those TW found within acceptable limit i.e >0.05mg/l

Name of upazila
Number of Union
Number of Village
Number of Village with 100% Red TWs
Number of Village 80% to 99% Red TWs
Number of Village 1% to 79% Red TWs
Number of Village 0% Red TWs
Damurhuda
08
127
0
6
116
5

Table: Status of Village Wise Arsenic Contamination

Communication Campaign: Awareness creation of the people and motivational work regarding effect of arsenic on the human body through use of arsenic contaminated drinking water was one of the major tasks under this project activity. The training and orientation of Upazila, Union Parishad and Ward Arsenic Committee were one of the project activities. The committees of the above mentioned local govt. institution were formed under the directives of the Cabinet Division. Subsequently communication training were provided to field workers of different sectoral agencies and stakeholders e.g., Health Workers, Family Planning Workers, Agricultural Workers, DPHE Mechanics, Imams, Headmasters of Schools and NGO workers. The role and responsibility of committee of Upazila, Union and Ward spelled out in the mitigation process, create awareness of the people and ensure supply of arsenic free water. Similarly field workers of different sectoral agencies and stakeholders were trained regarding role and responsibility on awareness creation among the people. The field workers of the sectoral agencies and stakeholders included the tasks of arsenic issues in monthly workplan on regular basis for motivational purpose. The ISDCM Social Mobilizers and Project Managers attended the motivational meeting with the sectoral field workers according to their workplan e.g., Health, Family Planning, Agricultural. Beside this ISDCM field staff monitored the motivational activity of NGO workers, Headmasters and Imams on regular basis.

Union Chairman & Ward Members Training:

SL NO
Name of Upazila
Training of Arsenic Mitigation Committee Members
Number of participants invited
Number of
participants attended
1 Damurhuda Union Chairmen
Ward Member
Women Member

8
72
24

8
72
24

Table: Union Chairmen and Ward Members Training

Sectoral Training on Communication:

SL NO
Name of Upazila
Sectoral Training of
different agencies
Target
(Total No.)
Participants
(Total No.)
1. Damurhuda
  • Health Deptt., Field Workers & Family Planning Workers
  • AgricultureBlock Supervisor
  • DPHE TW Mechanics
  • NGO Workers
  • Head Teacher
  • Imam

115

18
4
10
27
140

115

18
4
6
23
134

Table: Sectoral Training on Communication

Courtyard Meeting and Community Meeting by TW Testers:

 

SL NO
Name of Upazila
Type of Communication Meeting
Target
(Total No.)
No. of Meeting conducted
Participants
(Total No)
1. Damurhuda
  • Courtyard Meeting
  • Community Meeting
    by TW Testers

510


510
35385

4845
353850


Table : Courtyard meeting and community meeting by TW Testers

Formation of Village Arsenic Mitigation Committees (VAMCs):

SL No
Name of Upazila
No. of VAMC
Formed and 1st Meeting held
2nd VAMC Meeting held
Number
Participants
1
Damurhuda
126
29
249

Table: Formation of Village Arsenic Mitigation Committees (VAMCs)

Communication Campaign by Stakeholders:

Sl.
No
Name of Upazila
Name of
Agencies
No. Campaign during Monthly Meeting
1 Damurhuda
  • Health Deptt., Field Workers & Family Planning Workers
  • Agriculture Block Supervisor
  • TW Mechanics
  • Head Teachers
  • NGO Workers
  • Imams

72


132
18
37
135
24

Table : Communication Campaign Organized by Different Sectoral Agencies  

Rally:

Sl.
No
Name of Upazila
Type of Project activity
Target of activity
No. of Rally completed
Type of Participants
Total
attended
1
Damurhuda
Union level Rally
8
8
Head Teachers, Local Elites, Students of Primary Schools, Community Grameen Bank, DPHE ASA and other NGOs
4350

Table : Union level Rally

For sensitizing the community on arsenic problem, miking in the villages level was one of the important tasks. Miking has been organized in 127 villages of Damurhuda project upazila by rickshaw playing cassette and chanting slogans. This was the very easy and acceptable communication media to communicate the messages to the community people.

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Slogans
1 Damurhuda Miking at village level 8 Unions
127 Villages
8 Unions
127 Villages

“Nirapad Pani Khabo, Miley Mishey Sabai Nebo” “Gram Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Dokander Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Hotel Malik Bhaider Boley Jai Arsenic Mukta Pani Khai” “Shabuj Mukho Koler Khabar Pani Miley Mishey Sabai Aani” “Lal Mukho Koler Pani Bholyo Jeno Naa Aani”

Table: Miking at Village level

8 Billboard & Information Board: Erection of Billboard in important places of Union and Upazila was another task under project action plan. All together 35 billboards erected with message and information on arsenic problem in the project upazila.

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Remarks
 1 Damurhuda
  • Billboard erection
  • Display of Information Board
35

9

35

9

Average 4/5 Billboards were erected in each Union.

One in each Union Parishad, one in UNO office and the another in the SAE DPHE Office.

Table: Billboard and Information Board

Popular Theatre and Kavi Gan: The Popular theatre and folk song were another important task of creating awareness regarding arsenic contaminated water and its mitigation. The Popular theatre staged drama in Damurhuda Upazila. Script of the theatre “Mayna Bibir Ghar Sangsar” was written by a well known professional writer. One Professional theatre team were hired. The hundreds of people from all walks of life including upazila officials, upazila Nirbahi Officer, local elites and common people attended and enjoyed the theatre. Similarly organizing folk song/kavi gan professional party was hired and they staged 10 sessions in important places of the union. Hundreds of people enjoyed the folk song/kavi gan. The theme of the song was arsenic problem its consequences and mitigation etc.

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Remarks
 1 Damurhuda Popular Theatre

Folk Song/Kavi Gan

1

10

4

10

.

Table: Popular Theatre and Kavi Gan

Debate on Arsenic:

Sl.
No
Name of
Upazila
Name of
activity
Total
Target
Total
Completed
Remarks
 1 Damurhuda

Debate in 8 Schools

8
8
.

Table: Debate in 8 Schools of each Upazila

4 topics of the debate were selected and distributed to the individual school on lottery basis and provided to each selected school for preparation. In final round the Deputy Commissioner Chuadanga attended as Chief Guest. While the Principal of the local Colleges presided over the debate competitions. Trophies distributed to the Champions and Runner ups. Certificates issued to all participants of the 8 schools of the upazila. The debate competitions were enjoyed by the community people and highly appreciated by all of them.

Communication Campaign Materials:

ifferent types of communication materials were supplied to DPHE office for project activities as per Table shown below. ISDCM project office collected those from DPHE Upazila office as and when needed. Forms, Flash Cards, Posters, Routine Cards and Carry folders were distributed to the participants as per UNICEF guidelines during training programme of different sectoral agencies e.g., Field workers of Health department, Field workers of Agricultural Department, Mechanics of DPHE, Head Teachers of High Schools, NGO workers, Imams of Mosque and Community Leaders. The posters were distributed to important places where large number of people gathered and pasted to Hat-Bazars, Hotels, Restaurants, Road sides and Bus Stands. A lot of enthusiasm and interest was developed among the school going children and the community people. The posters were also distributed to individual households where found appropriate by the TW Testers during TW testing.

Name of Upazila

No. ofPosters

No. of MERCK FIELD Test Kits

Carrying Folders

Leaflets

Flash Cards

PrayerClock

Class Routine

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Used

Recd

Damurhuda

3210

3141

550

549

102

87

50000

49500

176

166

139

139

2000

 

2000
 

Table: Logistic and other support

Village Water Resource Map (VWRM): Preparation of Village Water Resource Map (VWRM) was one of the major tasks of the project activities. This was done to identify the red TW marked area and green TW. This was also helped identify and assess the requirement of hardware options. The map was prepared with the help of community people and leaders. The mappers drew the village water resource map of all the villages of Damurhuda Upazila. The mappers visited each village along with social mobilizers and sit in the central point of the villages to drew the map. In this connection TW testers helped the mapper to drew the red marked area and green as well. The peoples of the villages were very helpful to prepare the map. Village water resource maps become good indicators to understand the arsenic situation of the villages. Of the total 127 Village Water Resource Maps, 23 maps up to 80% tube wells arsenic contaminated were sent to UNICEF .  

Conclusion & Recommendations:

Donor & Agreement:
UNICEF, UNICEF/NGO/2001/006
Area & Duration :

Damurhuda Upazila of Chuadanga District, June 2001 – May 2002

Cost of Project :
BD, Tk. 3,149,844.00
 
 

Introduction : Groundwater is the main source of drinking water in Bangladesh and India . In the early ‘eighties, arsenic contamination of groundwater was detected in six eastern districts of West Bengal, India. The arsenic concentration in groundwater in these districts ranged from 0.06 mg/L to 1.86 mg/L, far in excess of WHO's drinking water provisional guideline value of 0.01 mg/L. It is estimated that over 15,000 people are affected by arsenic and are suffering from ‘arsenical dermatosis' (black spots, eruptions and even cracking of skin). Similar problems have also become apparent recently in Bangladesh in the areas bordering India , but their geographical extent is yet to be defined. Damurhuda is one of the Upazila adjacent to the boarder belt of Indiad under Chuadanga district .

Arsenic Problem: Arsenic is omnipresent inside the earth. It comes to the surface through exploitation on nature, such as agricultural irrigation with drawing underground water, geothermal power plants or mining has seriously contaminated the environment. Presently, attention is focussed more on deeper aquifers and rainwater along with surface water, which is a source of alternative water options available for safe water for the rural people of Bangladesh .

The Objectives:

 

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CONTENTS
 
PROFILE
Copyright © 2006 Motion Technology, Bangladesh.
Title of Project:
Implemention of Community Based Safe Water Supply and Arsenic Mitigation Project in Damurhuda Upazila of Chuadanga district to determine the extent of arsenic
contamination in tube well water, mobilization of Community/govt. development workers and peoples representatives and awareness creation through training, orientation, identification of arsenicosis patients arsenicosis patients and acceptance of different water options.